ELECTRICA
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Path Loss Model for Link Budget Analysis of Indoor Visible Light Communications

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Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Işık University, İstanbul, Turkey

ELECTRICA 2021; 21: 242-249
DOI: 10.5152/electrica.2021.20072
Read: 95 Downloads: 15 Published: 21 May 2021

In the context of beyond 5G indoor communication systems, visible light communications (VLC) has emerged as a viable supplement for existing radio frequency-based systems and as an enabler for high data rate communications. However, the existing indoor VLC systems are limited by detrimental outages caused by fluctuations in the VLC channel-gain because of user mobility. In this study, we proposed a tractable path loss model for indoor VLC that reflects the effect of room size and coating material of surfaces. We performed an extensive advanced ray tracing simulation to obtain the channel impulse responses within a room and presented a path loss model as a function of distance, room size, and coating material through curve fitting. In addition, path loss parameters such as the path loss exponent and the standard deviation of the shadowing component were determined. The simulation results indicate that path loss is a linear function of distance, path loss exponent is a function of room size and coating material, and shadowing follows a log-normal distribution.

Cite this article as: F. Miramirkhani, “A Path Loss Model for Link Budget Analysis of Indoor Visible Light Communications”, Electrica, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 242-249, May, 2021.

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EISSN 2619-9831