Original Article

Comparison of FEA-Based Thermal and Loss Analyses of the Dry-Type Transformer Using Different Grades of Core Material


Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University, Faculty of Engineering, Karaman, Turkey


Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

ELECTRICA 2023; 23: 121-128
DOI: 10.5152/electrica.2022.22003
Read: 116 Downloads: 32 Published: 04 November 2022

This study presents a comparative simulation of electrical steels with different grain orientations in three-phase dry-type power distribution transformers. Electrical steels modeled as three-phase transformer cores are analyzed and compared. In this context, time-dependent simulations of three-dimensional transformer models were performed using the coupling method based on finite element analysis to determine core losses and thermal behavior differences. This study reveals the effects of different grades of core materials on time-dependent core temperature depend on power losses and magnetic flux density. For this purpose, a 100 kVA three-strand three-phase dry-type transformer was used to simulate and prove the concept, and the simulation results were compared. As a result, according to mathematical calculations, core losses for M3, M4, and M5 were 298 W, 340 W, and 402 W, respectively, while the error rates between them were found to be 2.95%, 1.1%, and 5.5%, with the simulation results. The maximum temperature values obtained as a result of the time-dependent thermal analysis according to these loss values are 70.71°C, 70.724°C, and 80.619°C, respectively. These results show how important the material selection is in terms of design, efficiency, and transformer life.

Cite this article as: S. Kul and S. Sungur Tezcan, “Comparison of FEA-based thermal and loss analyses of the dry-type transformer using different grades of core material,” Electrica., 23(1), 121-128, 2023.

EISSN 2619-9831